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All of the material published on this website is provided solely for the users of this website, and may not be downloaded from this site for the purpose of uploading to other sites or services without the express permission of the Online Waldorf Library.


Articles in the Online Waldorf Library come from many sources. Quite a number are from the archives of journals and publications published over the past 50+ years. When possible we have noted the specific source although this is not always possible.

Included in the "article" search database are all articles in currently in print journals: Gateways, the Research Bulletin and the Waldorf Journal Project.

The Online Waldorf Library includes:
Education as an Art
, the first widely circulated journal about Waldorf education in the United States. It began in 1940 as the Bulletin of the Rudolf Steiner School Association. The purpose of the journal was to inform Americans about Rudolf Steiner's pedagogy. In 1969 the journal became known as Education as an Art: A Journal for the Waldorf Schools of North America.

To search for articles specifically from Education as an Art, please enter the journal name into the search box "with the exact phrase".

Lectures from the 2002 AWSNA National Teacher's Conference, to search for the 8 lectures presented, please enter AWSNA lecture in the search box and click "exact phrase"

Computing Curriculum Suggestions for a Waldorf School Part 1 of 2

Download the study: Computing Curriculum Suggestions for a Waldorf School

Part 1 of 2 A Curriculum Study published by the Research Institute for Waldorf Education and AWSNA
by Bryan Whittle

Part 1 of this paper is aimed at teachers of students in schools to help foster a dialogue on the development of computing curricula.

The scope of this paper is 1. a summary view of the  educational needs of students, 2. the exposition of a computing curriculum developing method, 3. suggestions for candidate computing curriculum topics per grade, and 4. elaboration of some of these topics into lesson plans and supporting content.




Consciousness of Higher Animals

Download the article: The Consciousness of Higher Animals


by Hermann Poppelbaum
Originally published in Goetheanum Weekly, Vol. 7, No. 24
Translated and published in Anthroposophical Movement, Vol. V, #24, 1928 (England)


THE bodily form of the higher animals is best understood by treating the human form as origin and centre, of which the animal is a one-sided or stunted modification. Once this is recognised from a study of Goethe's and Rudolf Steiner's works, the thought lies near at hand to -attempt a similar treatment of the: realm of comparative psychology of man and animals. We should then start from the human soul as the centre and archetype, and represent the peculiarities of the animal soul as a falling-away or aberration from this centre in various directions. As a starting-point for such research we may turn to the book where Rudolf Steiner gives an all-embracing and unprejudiced description of the processes of the inner life of man, that is, the, Philosophy of Spiritual Activity. Strange as it may sound, this book also becomes the foundation-stone for a spiritual-scientific psychology of animals. Let us attempt an outline sketch along these lines.

Read more: Consciousness of Higher Animals

Copper in the Crust of the Earth

Download the article: Copper in the Crust of the Earth
by Dr. Helmut Knauer

Originally published in the Anthroposophical Newsheet, August 22, 1965

The word "crust of the earth' for the upper mineral strata of our planet indicates a life-process in which a hardening and a solidification have arisen in the course of time. As in many other cases, the wisdom of language brings to expression a fact which no longer lives in human consciousness.

In connection with water, air and heat, forces are active in the mineral earth which are related with the processes of life. When primary rock crumbles away under the influence of the elements, it yields an excellent and fruitful soil for the growth of plants. Plants could never draw from it the forces they need for their development unless the soil contained formative forces. They could never grow upon a completely lifeless soil.

Read more: Copper in the Crust of the Earth

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