|Title:||Threefoldness in Humans and Mammals|
|Categories:||Biology, Science, Life Sciences|
|Number of pages:||1327|
The result of over 50 years of research, Threefoldness in Humans and Mammals is the beautiful, authorized edition of Wolfgang Schad’s life’s work. In chapter after chapter of this monumental two-volume work Schad demonstrates in detail how the dynamic concept of the threefold organism, first described by Rudolf Steiner 100 years ago, sheds new light on aspects of the mammals such as their size, form, coloration, physiology, embryonic development, behavior, and habitat. Indeed, he shows how the threefoldness of the organism – comprised of the polarity of nerve-sense and metabolic-limb systems and the mediating circulatory-respiratory system – is in fact a key to understanding the extraordinary diversity of our closest animal relatives.
As one reads this book one can experience a growing sense of satisfaction – indeed wonder – as one realizes that each species, through its particular constitution, actually explains itself: that right down into specific features such as dentition and coloration, it is a unique embodiment of the threefold organization. At the same time one begins to experience the threefold organism itself – not as an abstract, rigid thought construct which allows us to determine a mammal's taxonomy – but as a creative lawfulness that comes to one-sided expression in each species.
Thus Schad follows in the footsteps of Johann Wolfgang Goethe who said of his scientific pursuits: “The ultimate goal would be: to grasp that everything in the realm of fact is already theory. … Let us not seek for something behind the phenomena – they themselves are the theory.”
In the first volume, a masterful, comprehensive description of the threefold human organism lays the groundwork for an in-depth consideration of the most familiar groups of mammals including stunning chapters on antelopes and deer with their horns and antlers and a concluding chapter on mammals’ intimate relationship with their natural environment. The second volume begins with chapters on the more primitive mammals, continues with studies of mammalian embryology, milk, emotional life, and relationship to death, and then returns to the theme of human threefoldness in the last chapter. The balanced threefoldness of the human organism contrasts with its extraordinarily diverse but one-sided expressions in the mammals; these, in turn emphasize aspects of our own humanity. A growing awareness of this intimate reciprocal relationship leads to a deepening empathy for our animal brothers and sisters.
The reader will do well to begin with the first chapters in volume 1, which introduce the main motifs that recur and build throughout the book. Although the content includes a great deal of specialized knowledge, it is presented in language accessible to the general reader. The text is richly illustrated with well-chosen photographs and drawings. Numerous diagrams shed light on the dynamic interrelationships within various groups of mammals. The two-volume set comes protected in a handsome slip case. In both form and content, this is a classic edition of a groundbreaking work that should find its place in every home, school, biology department, and library.
Avaioable in print from Steiner Books